Depression is a state where any person is unable to recover from loss or any other setback. Some people do not even realize that they are depressed until their life is consumed by it. It is different from anxiety because over thinking any situation leads to excessive release of dopamine in depression. The patient feels as if something is pulling them back. There is a burden in the heart and the head, and the feeling is unexplainable.
In order to understand this mental condition, we need to first find out the types of depression.
What is clinical depression? Keep reading to understand the meaning of clinical depression and how it different from other types.
Types of Depression
Depending upon the severity, depression has been categorized into the following type:
Mild depression: the first stage where the patient feels restlessness due to a particular external trigger.
The middle stage depression: this is the point where a patient feels sadness temporarily and in the form of cycles.
Clinical depression: this is the most severe type of depression that is caused by any extreme loss like the death of a close person. The person feels consistent grief and sadness. It can also lead to suicidal thoughts and feeling of worthlessness.
Stages of Clinical Depression
Clinical depression refers to the state where a person has lost something really big or close to the heart. He/she feels extreme level of disturbance and coping up with the situation is nowhere to be found. Even in clinical depression, there are various stages which give a chance for recovery and coming back to life. These stages have been identified on the level of sadness or grief someone feels:
This is a very short-lived phase because isolation hits real quick for the depressed people. People do not accept if there is anything wrong. This leads to the second phase which is isolation.
This is the first stage of clinical depression where the patient isolates himself. Cutting off all relations and sitting in a dark room is what you will witness. They are not at all motivated to talk to someone or social interaction becomes nearly zero.
Once the denial is over and the person has completely isolated himself, the stage of anger and frustration starts. The patient has a number of questions like “why did this happen to me only?” etc. There is nothing for him to talk about and frustration reaches its peak. For the person, recovering from the situation becomes impossible.
To sort out everything on your own, you or the patient starts bargaining. People blame themselves and all the bad deeds committed hit you all over again. This makes the patient to negotiate the situations and their answers. Majority times the negotiations end up negatively. All the stress motivates you to think that you are the reason for loss. This takes the patient to the next stage.
For the patients, there is no way for them to be free. They find lives a dead-end and useless. All the obsessive and enervating thoughts make way through the mind.
This is not commonly observed in patients of clinical depression. At this stage the patient accepts the fact that he/she is ill and needs guidance. The patient starts feeling better. The chances of relapsing are high but the patient finds out the positivity.
Symptoms of Clinical Depression
There are specific signs that you can see in a patient of clinical depression. Some of these signs are:
- You will witness a lot of behavioral changes in the patient. Obsessive, negative, and weird thoughts are commonly found. Every environmental or social disruption will badly affect the patient and the common question you will hear is “what is the point of life when nothing good can happen?”
- Loss of appetite is visible during isolation stage. The patient gradually weakens.
- Overeating is also observed in some patients. They tend to eat more than usual and in an unhealthy way too.
- There are major changes in the sleeping cycle too. Some patients face insomnia while some can sleep for hours and still feel drowsy.
- Tiredness, fatigue, and sluggishness are the common symptoms of depression.
- For every action that does not end well, the patients blame themselves irrespective of the fact that they were even involved in it or not. The guilt and blame game is strong in this case.
- Clinical depression is the worst kind of depression and suicidal thoughts easily strike the patient’s mind. Whenever you feel like someone is talking about ending life, make sure you talk to him before it is too late.
How to treat clinical depression?
Clinical depression is the severe type of depression but still it can be cured by all means. To help anyone suffering from clinical depression, you can follow these simple tips:
- You have to treat the patient like a baby. Set a proper routine for them at first.
- Explain them what they have to do now. They might give unexpected reactions but you should know that they have some goals to ace.
- Keep a check on their routine too.
- Make sure they have healthy eating habits.
- Focus on their sleeping cycles as well.
- Talk to them quite often so that they do not have any bad thoughts captured in mind. If these thoughts are retained, piling up will never end well for them.
Are there any medications for clinical depression?
Certainly yes, clinical depression has medications too. You can consult a therapist for them. Psychotherapists will talk to them and motivate them to speak. Some drugs might be prescribed too. Other treatments include antidepressants, Electroconvulsive treatment (ECT), and somatic therapies.
Most doctors do not prescribe ECT. This is for patients with extreme conditions even in clinical depression. The stage where suicidal attempts have either been made or can be predicted soon, ECT is advised. Antidepressants and psychotherapy are most renowned and advised.
Are women more prone to clinical depression than men?
Unfortunately, women have more chances to face major depression than men. The risk for women is two times higher.
Clinical depression is not something to give up on. You will always have a chance to save yourself or any loved one. The main point to ponder upon is – why is the person so guilty about everything? The more involved you are in the close one’s life, the lesser the chances of clinical depression. Find out the root cause and help this depressed person to get out of this zone.
It can be dangerous for their life and even mental well-being. Try to get them out of the state by taking them to a psychiatrist. Therapy and medications can help patients suffering from clinical depression.